Human Resource Management

What are the individuals, groups, and teams in the organization?

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Individuals, Groups, and Teams in the organization

In this blog, we will discuss individuals, groups, and teams in the organization.

We will highlight the role and within the organization the functioning of groups which factor affecting the behavior. So we will discuss individuals, groups, and teams in the organization.


Individuals are an essential part of any organization. If you understand the behavior of individuals, then you can predict the consequences. So it will easy to manage the behaviors of individuals as per directions.

Organizations have to look at three individual variables biographical characteristics, ability, and learning

So biographical characteristics are available in the individual’s personal file. The most important factor is the age of the individuals, but there is no relationship between age and productivity because the older workers and who have longer tenure with the organization are less likely to resign. Although married employees have less absenteeism and higher job satisfaction than unmarried employees.

What is the benefit of this information? and the answer is that it can help organizations during recruitment to making choices among job applicants.

The ability of the employee’s direct effect on performance and satisfaction through the ability job fit.

Learning is an important part of the job because the degree of the applicant is not enough for the job and how he or she is a good learner. If he is a good learner, then the best choice for the job otherwise he needs to development


A group is defined as two or more individuals who interact for a common purpose and come together to achieve.


Types of Groups

There are two common types of groups which is most acceptable in organizations.

  1. Formal Groups
  2. Informal Groups

Formal Groups

Formal groups are defined as the organizational structure and organizations make the groups for different activities that perform different activities as per the organization plan.

These groups do activities under a formal structure, deciding their goals and strategies to achieve the same.

They work under the supervision of their supervisors and they report to their supervisors.

Group members interact with each other to achieve the common goals of the organization.

A formal group includes those whose job is more or less similar in the organization.

Call-Centre is one example of a group because its employees are handling the same customers.

The Board of Directors is a formal group because they provide specialized services to the organization.

Informal Groups

Employees of the organization form the informal groups within a formal organizational structure.

The members of the group meet with each other and satisfy their social or affiliation needs sharing their commons interests.

So these groups work without the support of the organization because they are formed to the individual’s satisfaction.

So in an informal group, functional closeness basically determines the formation of the group.

The people who include in the informal group, they have the same attitude, personality, and belong to the same status as could form the informal group.

The informal group exists without any rules & regulations and outside of the formal authority system.

Although it is not recognized, it exists in the system and does the work for the members of the group.

So informal groups have their own leaders and followers who trusted the group leader.

They have no rules in writing form but they have unwritten rules & regulations, so every member follows the rules.

So they select the leader of the group through the election and elected member work for the group.

Even every member who working as long for the group, he emerges a leader.

The constructive role of the informal group is beneficial for the organization.

It could be constructive if the management of the organization is played a positive role.

Characteristics of Group

The group has to understand problem-solving and having the following characteristics of the group.

  • Informal environment, comfortable and relaxed
  • Understanding and acceptance of the task
  • Members should listen well
  • Participate in the assigned assignment
  • Understand the assignment then accepted
  • Aware of its functions and operations
  • Understanding of people feeling and ideas
  • Decision making
  • Conflict management understanding


A team constitutes two or more people who work together for common goals.

People start work as a group then emerge a team from the group who works independently to achieve the organizational goal.


A team distinguishes itself from a group because of the following elements.

  • Depending on each other
  • Equal leadership
  • All members accountable
  • Commitment to the common purpose
  • Collaborate and trust each other

Types of Teams

Four types of teams work in organizations that differ according to their task and complexity.

  • Self-managed team
  • Virtual team
  • Cross-departmental team
  • Quality Circles

Self-managed Teams

A self-managed team performs duty without a manager and the team is responsible for every assignment.

They are responsible for the complete the work process as well as delivery of products to customers.

They are responsible for their members’ performance and evaluate the performance.

Virtual Teams

A virtual team is a team which take the advantage of technology, so works together in the different organization at the same time.

Organizations use technology such as Zoom meetings, Video Conferencing, instant messages, WhatsApp, and does together workers work.

Cross-Departmental teams

The organization uses cross-functional teams because the organization wants to analyze the different departments. A cross-functional teams work on the assigned task, and it has high numbers of membership.

Cross-functional teams form particularly at technological organizations, where produce complex products.

Quality Circles or Problem Solving team

Quality Circles also are known as problem-solving so it consists of eight to ten members.

They select the volunteers from different department work areas who find the solutions of the problems about the quality of work, processes, and products.

The Role of Teams

  • The primary role of the team combines the resources
  • Achieve organizational objectives with competencies, skills
  • Understanding to work and well-functioning
  • Synergy of team
  • The output of a team greater than the team members’ contribution
  • The organization usually focused on team
  • Team role to achieve specific tasks and organizational success


I have discussed individuals, groups, and teams in organizations so I have tried to highlight the basic information.

I have discussed types of groups, teams in the organization.

So you will decide that am I provided the basic information about the topics.

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